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Chinese imports undermine the national industrial competitiveness

Chinese imports undermine the national industrial competitiveness Source:
Date: 27-05-2012
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Increased volume of imports of finished goods from China indicated has led to decreased production of the national industrial sector. The decline also occurred in sales, earnings, up to the amount of labor from the domestic business. "The decline in production and performance of industrial sectors, causing the weakening competitiveness of national industry," said Director General of International Cooperation Ministry of Industry, Agus Tjahajana in Jakarta.
Other causes Agus said, is the lack of supply of raw material components, unstable energy supply and access to capital is still difficult.
The results of a survey conducted by the Ministry of Industry on 228 tariff category of sensitive industries namely iron and steel, textiles and textile products (TPT), machinery, electronics, basic inorganic chemicals, petrochemicals, furniture, cosmetics, herbal products, footwear, small industries and products maritime.
The survey showed that since the implementation of free trade agreements ASEAN-China Free Trade Agreement (ACFTA) in early 2010, have a major impact on reducing the production of domestic industry, especially in the textile and electronics sectors, while the industrial sector was not affected by the metal only.
Agus explained, China has been a flood of imported products in favor of the seller, profits earned by sellers of Chinese products has increased an average of 20.1 per cent let alone the price of Chinese products are much cheaper.
"The survey also found an early indication of the existence of unfair trade practices, 190 types of goods imported from China, as many as 38 kinds are sold cheaper in Indonesia than in Guangzhou and Shanghai, China. It was suspected the existence of elements of dumping, "he said.
Directorate General of Customs Ministry of Finance noted, imports of industrial products from China during 2010 reached 18.5 percent of total imports, up 33 percent over the previous year. Meanwhile, Indonesia's export to China is only 8.21 percent compared to total exports, while its value rose 34 percent.
"China is also sending the goods are not produced or is not sold in Indonesia, such as tube televisions and video CD player. There are also some other products are only produced for the Indonesian market, such as Muslim dress, veil and batik, "he said.
Imports from China are dominated by children's toys products that reach 73 percent when compared with total imports of toys from around the world. Portion furniture and electronics by 54 percent reaching 36 percent.
Impor China Lemahkan Daya Saing Industri Nasional
Peningkatan volume impor barang jadi dari China diindikasikan telah menyebabkan penurunan produksi sektor industri nasional. Penurunan juga terjadi pada penjualan, omzet,  hingga  jumlah penyerapan tenaga kerja dari pelaku usaha dalam negeri. “Penurunan produksi dan kinerja sektor-sektor industri tersebut,  menyebabkan daya saing industri nasional melemah,” kata Direktur Jenderal Kerjasama Internasional Kementerian Perindustrian, Agus Tjahajana di Jakarta.
Penyebab lainnya kata Agus, adalah minimnya pasokan bahan baku komponen, tidak stabilnya pasokan energi dan akses permodalan yang masih sulit.
Hasil survei yang dilakukan oleh Kemenperin terhadap 228 pos tarif termasuk kategori industri sensitif yakni besi dan baja, tekstil dan produk tekstil (TPT), permesinan, elektronika, kimia anorganik dasar, petrokimia, furnitur, kosmetika, jamu, alas kaki, produk industri kecil dan maritime.
Survei tersebut memperlihatkan bahwa sejak implementasi perjanjian perdagangan bebas ASEAN-China Free Trade Agreement (ACFTA) pada  awal tahun 2010, berdampak besar terhadap penurunan produksi industri dalam negeri, terutama di sektor TPT dan elektronika, sedangkan sektor industri yang sama sekali tidak terkena imbas hanya logam.
Agus menjelaskan, banjirnya produk impor China telah menguntungkan pihak penjual, keuntungan yang diperoleh oleh penjual produk China rata-rata mengalami kenaikan 20,1 persen apalagi harga produk China jauh lebih murah.
“Survey juga menemukan indikasi awal adanya praktek perdagangan yang tidak adil, dari 190 jenis barang impor China, sebanyak 38 jenis dijual lebih murah di Indonesia dibandingkan di Guangzhou dan Shanghai, China. Hal itu ditenggarai adanya unsur dumping," ujarnya.
Ditjen Bea Cukai Kementerian Keuangan mencatat, impor produk industri dari China selama 2010 mencapai 18,5 persen dari total impor atau naik 33 persen dibandingkan tahun sebelumnya. Sedangkan ekspor Indonesia ke China hanya 8,21 persen dibandingkan total ekspor, walaupun nilainya naik 34 persen.
“China juga mengirim barang-barang yang sudah tidak diproduksi atau sudah tidak laku di Indonesia, seperti televisi tabung dan pemutar video CD. Ada juga sebagian produk lain hanya diproduksi untuk pasar Indonesia, seperti busana muslim, kerudung dan batik,” katanya.
Impor dari China didominasi oleh produk mainan anak yang mencapai 73 persen apabila dibandingkan dengan total impor produk mainan dari seluruh dunia. Porsi produk furniture sebesar 54 persen dan elektronika mencapai 36 persen.
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